Having oily skin can be quite challenging to deal with. No one enjoys looking greasy or shiny throughout the day, which is why we’ve provided you with everything you need to know about oily skin including causes, treatments and a skincare routine for oily skin.
What does it mean to have oily skin?
As the name suggests, Oily skin is a skin type characterised by a greasy or shiny appearance of the face due to increased sebum production. The excessive oiliness on the face can cause the pores to become enlarged and accumulate sebum and dead skin cells resulting in clogged pores. This makes oily skin types more prone to acne as compared to other skin types.
Causes of oily skin
Genetics- If your parents have oily skin, chances are, so will you. Genetics plays an impact in having oily skin as it’s something that runs in families.
Weather- Heat and humidity can cause the skin to become oily and sticky, it can also increase your likelihood of having clogged pores.
Age- As we age, the production of sebum is decreased because younger people tend to have more active sebaceous glands. So, your oily skin may go away as you get older.
How to get rid of oily skin?
Skin Care products- Heavy skincare or makeup products can sit on the skin and clog the pores. Using the wrong skincare products which are oil-based can also make your skin oilier.
Lack of moisturisation- Dryness caused by lack of using moisturiser can trigger oily skin to produce more oil in a bid to keep the skin moisturised.
Hormonal imbalance- An increase in levels of certain hormones can cause a surge in sebum production resulting in oily skin.
- It all comes down to hygiene, just washing your face twice a day and keeping it clean can help prevent oiliness.
- Avoid consuming a lot of dairy and foods with high glycaemic index as these can trigger acne. Look for alternatives like plant-based milk or healthier grain options for food.
- Just because you have oily skin doesn’t mean you get a free pass from moisturising. Make sure you use a hydrating moisturiser in your skincare routine as it can prevent your skin from being too oily.
- Use blotting papers to prevent your face from looking too shiny throughout the day and control excess oil.
- Salicylic Acid is your best friend, include it in your skincare routine to control excess sebum production.
Things to keep in mind before planning oily skincare routine
- Use face masks with ingredients like charcoal, clay and sulphur which help absorb oil and keep the pores clean.
- If you’re someone who believes that having oily skin prevents you from needing a moisturiser, we’ve got news for you, coz it’s quite the opposite. A lack of moisture in the skin can lead to dryness which may trigger the skin to produce excess sebum to overcompensate for the absence of moisture. Hence, if you’ve got oily skin, invest in a good moisturiser and use it diligently.
- Having oily skin puts you at a higher risk of having acne, so it’s important to use anti-acne ingredients like salicylic acid, AHAs, Vitamin C or Retinol in your skincare routine.
- Exfoliation is essential regardless of your skin type, even oily skin needs to be exfoliated regularly to avoid build-up of dead skin cells which could lead to clogged pores, dullness, and uneven skin texture. Use AHAs, BHAs or Retinol in your routine to exfoliate your skin gently.
- Stress can cause a surge of certain hormones and we know that hormonal imbalance could lead to excessive sebum production. Try not to stress out and relax, it’s good for the mind and body as it is for the skin.
Daytime skincare routine for oily skin
- Use non-comedogenic and water-based ingredients in your skincare routine to prevent clogged pores and acne.
- Any skincare routine should begin with cleansing, start by washing your face with cleanser or a face wash. You can look for ingredients like Salicylic Acid or Tea tree oil in your cleanser which could benefit your oily skin.
- Once you’ve cleansed your skin thoroughly, use a toner to restore you skin’s pH and prepare your skin for the rest of your skincare routine. You can look for a calming or hydrating toner with ingredients like Hyaluronic Acid and Niacinamide.
- Let your toner absorb and then use a few drops of a serum of your choice and pat it on to your skin gently. Avoid using AHAs, BHAs or certain skin lightening ingredients in the day time. Use alternative products like the Deconstruct Vitamin C serum with ingredients like Vitamin C or Niacinamide which can protect the skin even in day time.
- Use a gentle, oil-free hydrating moisturiser to seal all the moisture in and avoid dryness throughout the day.
Night skincare routine for oily skin
- No daytime skincare routine is complete without sunscreen. Use a good amount of sunscreen with a minimum of SPF 30.
- For your night routine, start by using a good makeup remover or micellar water to remove any makeup from the day.
Weekly skincare routine for oily skin
- Many people consider micellar water and makeup remover as a substitute to cleansing. Nothing substitutes for the cleansing period. Use your face wash to gently cleanse away any leftover makeup, sebum and dirt from the skin.
- Your night routine allows a little more room for ingredients like AHAs and BHAs. You can look for an exfoliating toner or astringent to gently tone your skin and control oil.
- Follow up with your serum and gently pat a few drops into your skin. Deconstruct Pore Control Serum or Deconstruct Retinol and Peptide serum can be the perfect addition to your oily skincare routine.
- You can look for a moisturising eye cream and gently massage it around your eye area to prevent dryness.
- Use your hydrating moisturiser to prevent your skin from getting too dry because of any exfoliating ingredients.
- You can choose to spot treat at night. You can apply an anti-acne treatment of your choice and finish your skincare routine for the night.
- Sleeping masks can be another addition for your nighttime skincare routine. Although not a necessity, if you wish to add an extra dose of moisturiser, you can choose to apply sleeping masks after your moisturiser.
Weekends are not just for chilling, they’re for you to show your skin some extra love. Here’s some ways you can give your skin some TLC weekly-
Ingredients to avoid in your oily skincare routine
- Use a good face mask and look for ingredients like green tea, salicylic acid, and clay which help control oil and cleanse the skin deeply.
- Exfoliate the skin weekly using ingredients like Glycolic Acid and Salicylic Acid. You can opt for serums like Deconstruct Beginner’s exfoliating serum and Deconstruct Exfoliating Serum, or you could look for peels or toners to exfoliate your skin.
Occlusives- Occlusives are ingredients that create a moisture barrier on the skin and prevent transepidermal water loss. Few of the commonly used occlusives you might find in your skincare products are Silicones, Petrolatum, Beeswax and Squalane. Using occlusives on your oily skin may clog your pores leaving it feeling extremely greasy and shiny. Look for other alternatives like moisturisers with emollients and humectants to moisturise oily skin.
Oils- Using oils in skincare is gaining quite a lot of popularity now. While it’s something that’s been done for centuries, more and more people are just now discovering the many benefits of adding oils to your skincare routine. If you have oily skin, you might want to think twice before using facial oils. Avoid using oils like coconut oil, sunflower oil and camellia oil that are high in oleic acid, instead opt for oils like rosehip oil, hemp seed oil and grapeseed oil which have a high linoleic acid which could benefit oily skin.
Harsh exfoliants- Using harsh exfoliants like some physical scrubs or overdoing it with your chemical exfoliant may result in over-exfoliation. Over exfoliation can cause serious damage to the epidermal barrier and invite a number of unpleasant skin woes.
Oily skin can be challenging to deal with as it comes with an added risk of clogged pores and acne. Depending on the cause, Oily skin may or may not be chronic, but it can be kept in check with the right ingredients and a good skincare routine.
- What is the most efficient way to provide winter care for oily skin?
The best way to care for oily skin in the winters is by moisturising. Use a good moisturiser to hydrate your oily skin. Avoid taking long, hot showers in the winter to avoid damaging your skin.
- What are the best ingredients to add in the skincare routine for oily acne-prone skin?
Some of the best ingredients to be added in an oily skin routine are Hyaluronic Acid, Salicylic Acid, Retinol and Niacinamide.